Students Spend a Day in the Life of the U.S. Senate

It’s one thing to learn how a bill becomes a law. It’s another thing entirely to step into the shoes of a lawmaker.

American Government and Politics students spent a morning in Boston last fall at the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate, where they shed their student personas and became U.S. senators, poised to act on a comprehensive immigration reform bill.

“It’s helpful for them to have hands-on experience with the process,” said Perin Gokce, a history and social sciences faculty member who arranged the trip. “It gives them a better understanding of all the competing demands that senators grapple with before they go into a vote: their party’s interests, their state’s interests, and their personal viewpoints.”

Milton students joined students from Mansfield High School in the institute’s senate chamber, a nearly exact replica of the U.S. Senate chamber in Washington, D.C. The student senators broke into subcommittees, where they had the opportunity to ask institute staff experts about various provisions they could attach to the bill, or to interview and vote on presidential appointees. They then caucused with other members of their parties to decide on proposed amendments to the bill. Finally, student representatives from each party spoke on the senate floor to defend their amendments. The bill was defeated by a vote of 51–39.

Each student was given a profile that included their randomly assigned party affiliation and the top political priorities for the state they represented. They weighed various options according to factors such as job creation, government spending, civil liberties, and national security.

Perin is interested in creating more hands-on opportunities for her students, including mock Supreme Court hearings and debates. It’s a worthwhile challenge for students to try on a position that they may be personally opposed to, she said. “It’s a good exercise to have them argue for the other side sometimes.”

The late Massachusetts Senator Edward M. “Ted” Kennedy ’50 envisioned the institute as a place where visitors could learn about the legislative process. During their visit, the Milton students toured a replica of Kennedy’s Washington, D.C., office, most of which was transferred to Boston after his death.

They also viewed an exhibit dedicated to the late New York Rep. Shirley Chisholm, the first black woman elected to Congress and the first black candidate to run for a major-party presidential nomination. Representative Chisholm’s famous quote “If they don’t give you a seat at the table, bring a folding chair” is represented throughout the Kennedy Institute by folding chairs decorated to honor people who have been historically underrepresented in U.S. government.


The curiosity to ask why and the courage to speak out are qualities that lead to innovation and change. The individuals featured in this issue embody these qualities. Through their questioning, leadership, and willingness to share their views, they are making a difference–in their professions and in the world.